Lyme disease – the mere thought of it is terrifying to pet owners everywhere.
Rashes, lameness, swollen joints … these are all symptoms that you never want your dog to experience.
The good news is, the situation isn’t as scary as you may have thought.
Before I tell you why, let’s take a look at how dogs get Lyme disease in the first place.
How Do Dogs Get Lyme Disease?
A spiral-shaped bacterium called Borrelia burgdorferi causes Lyme disease. It’s transmitted to your dog when an infected tick bites them.
Symptoms of Lyme disease in dogs include:
- recurrent arthritis/lameness that lasts 3–4 days
- loss of appetite
- reluctance to move or a stiff, painful gait
- swollen joints that are warm to the touch
- pain in the legs or throughout the body
- swollen lymph nodes
While there are many species of ticks, Lyme disease is usually carried by:
- Deer Ticks
- Western Black Legged Ticks
- Lone Star Ticks
Before I keep going, I want to emphasize that Lyme disease isn’t caused by the tick itself. This is an important fact that I will discuss in more detail later.
But first, let’s make sure you understand the tick’s role in Lyme Disease.
Lyme Disease from Tick Larvae
Ticks aren’t born with Lyme Disease. They too get it from another living organism.
In the spring, ticks lay their eggs. By late summer the larvae hatch and are ready to feed.
They wait on the ground for a small mammal or bird to arrive and brush up against it.
The larva will attach itself to the small animal and begin feeding over the next few days. If this animal has Lyme disease, the larva will carry the bacterium in its stomach.
Mice and ground-feeding birds often serve as spirochete hosts.
When the tick attaches to its next host, the bacterium transfers into the blood of the new host.
Larvae are very hard to detect as they are no larger than a period in a print magazine.
Lyme Disease from Nymphs
Come fall, larvae grow to poppy seed sized nymphs.
Nymphs remain inactive throughout the winter and early spring. In late spring, the nymph will begin looking for a host.
Once a nymph finds a host, it will latch on for four or five days. It will engorge with blood and swell to several times its original size.
If infected in the larval stage, the nymph may give Lyme disease to its host.
If the nymph was not infected as a larva but the host is, the nymph will become a carrier.
Up to 25% of nymphs carry the Lyme disease spirochete in endemic areas of the northeast and upper midwest.
Like tick larvae, nymphs prefer small mammals and birds but …
… your pet can be a suitable substitute.
They are also the most dangerous.
To give Lyme disease to your dog, ticks must feed for 24 to 36 hours.
Because nymphs are so small, they often go unnoticed until they’re engorged. This makes the nymph most likely to spread Lyme disease.
In fact, all human cases of Lyme disease come from infected nymphs.
Once engorged, the nymph will drop off its host and molt into an adult in the comfort of fallen leaves.
Lyme Disease from Adult Ticks
Adult ticks will seek new hosts throughout the fall. Their peak activity between late October and early November.
Adults prefer taller vegetation. They’re usually seen 3’ off the ground on high grasses or leaves. Adults often use deer as hosts but they’re also happy with humans, dogs or horses.
It’s believed that 50% of adult ticks carry Lyme disease in endemic areas of the Northeast.
While adult ticks can carry Lyme disease, they’re less likely to pass it on to their host.
This is because they’re larger and easier to detect within the first 24 to 36 hours.
Note: the timing of peak activity for each life stage of the tick may differ depending on the area you live. Check with local health departments for peak tick activity where you live.
Other Ways Your Dog Can Become Infected With Lyme Disease
A little-known fact is that Lyme disease can spread through contact with body fluids.
That means an infected dog can give Lyme to another dog. It’s unclear whether cross species transfer can occur.
In-utero transmission can also occur and animals may be re-infected with Lyme disease.
Lyme Disease Isn’t As Simple As A Bite From A Tick
I said earlier that Lyme disease is not caused by the tick itself.
While ticks can infect your dog with the Lyme disease … researchers have found that infection alone isn’t the cause of Lyme disease.
In most cases, Lyme disease only occurs when there’s a coinfection.
Coinfection is when a host has one or more bacteria, viruses, or other infections at the same time.
What The Research Says About Lyme Disease in Dogs
Swiss researcher Dr Thomas Rau went to areas where Lyme was common. There he studied groups of farmers who were likely exposed to Lyme.
And he found something interesting …
80% of the farmers had Lyme disease, but of that 80%, only 2% showed any symptoms.
That means the vast majority of the farmers with Lyme disease were able to fight it off on their own.
But why was that?
Dr Rau decided to find out. And this is where it gets interesting …
Dr Rau discovered that 100% of the people with full blown Lyme symptoms had other viruses. Ones that already stressed the immune system.
This is in line with current research that looked into cases of Lyme disease in the 90s. It revealed a link between existing health issues and Lyme disease symptoms.
How Likely Is It That Your Dog Will Get Lyme Disease?
The Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria found in ticks causes flu-like symptoms.
Dr Rau’s research shows that about a third of ticks carry Borrelia. So, if a tick bites your dog, it’s only 33% likely to carry the Borrelia bacteria.
If the bite is from an infected tick, then your dog may develop flu-like symptoms. He may also develop a rash at the site of infection.
This is the first stage of Lyme disease.
Dr Rau and other researchers estimate that only 10 – 20% of tick bites will lead to Stage 1 Lyme Disease.
But if left untreated, 30% of Stage 1 cases will lead to Stage 2. This is where bacteria can infect the skin, joints, kidneys and sometimes the heart.
So that means your dog has about a 1% to 2% chance of Stage 2 Lyme Disease … the kind of Lyme disease that can make him very sick.
Stage 3 Lyme is the chronic stage. This stage can begin months or even years after infection.
The most common symptoms are joint and muscle pain. Only 1% of stage 2 cases of Lyme progress to Stage 3.
This mirrors research done in dogs.
Most Dogs Never Get Sick
A study was conducted at the University of Pennsylvania. In the experiment, researchers infected beagles with Lyme disease. Yet none of the adult dogs showed any symptoms of the disease.
They used beagle puppies. This is because puppies would have weaker immune systems than adult dogs. They showed about four days of transient symptoms such as fever and lameness in the same study.
After four days of on-and-off symptoms, the pups became asymptomatic. This means their bodies cleared the infection without any treatment.
Meryl P Littman was the lead reaearcher. She explains exposure to Lyme disease is common, but the disease isn’t.
“95% of exposed dogs don’t get sick, but they become Lyme antibody-positive on tests, which may scare people into thinking they need to be treated,” she says. “In some areas in New England, 70 – 90% of healthy dogs are Lyme-positive. At PennVet, we found about 40% of healthy dogs are Lyme-positive in our area.”
So, it seems that Lyme disease isn’t all that common. Dogs aren’t that likely to get it, even when infected.
Cofactors That Increase The Risk Of Lyme Disease
You now know that your dog is more likely to develop symptoms of Lyme disease if there is a coinfection.
But I bet you want to know what these underlying cofactors are.
This is where it gets weird …
… Dr Rau discovered that certain vaccines were cofactors for Lyme disease. And that includes the tick-borne meningoencephalitis vaccine.
Now, it isn’t known whether the Lyme vaccine for dogs is a cofactor. And that is because they conducted the research on the human population.
But, I can tell you that the LYMERix human Lyme disease vaccine was only used for 18 months between 1998 and 2000. After that thye pulled off the market amidst reports of serious adverse events. And because the vaccine may have caused Lyme-like arthritis.
And they have not developed a new Lyme vaccine for humans since.
Did you catch that?
They pulled the human Lyme vaccine from the market because of safety concerns. Yet vaccination for Lyme disease is still recommended for your dogs.
Evidence is mounting that it could be this very vaccine that acts as a cofactor. That it allows Lyme to progress from flu-like symptoms into a debilitating disease.
Dr Rau explains the relationship in this short video:
It’s time to stop fear
Other important cofactors for Lyme disease include:
- chronic inflammation
- immune suppression
- coinfections from other viruses
- other bacteria and fungi
- heavy metals and toxins
Dr Rau Dr Rau also found that all the patients in his study who reached Stage 3 had unbalanced fatty acid profiles.
This isn’t surprising. When omega-3 levels are low, the resulting imbalance can cause inflammation … one of the many cofactors listed above.
Prevent Lyme Disease In Your Dog
Most conventional vets also advocate this approach.
But if Lyme progresses into more than flu-like symptoms only when cofactors are present … then isn’t stressing the immune system backwards thinking? And dangerous for our dogs?
You know that Lyme disease only progresses to a harmful stage if dogs aren’t healthy, right? So how do vaccines and chemicals make dogs healthier?
Let’s look at the list of cofactors again but this time let’s consider the roll of vaccines …
- Chronic inflammation – vaccines are well known to cause chronic inflammation and auto-immune disease
- Immune suppression – we know vaccines to suppress the immune system after administration
- Coinfections of other viruses – well, that’s what they designed vaccines o do … deliver a small amount of virus into the body
- Heavy metals and toxins – vaccines contain aluminum, thimerosal, formaldehyde and other dangerous toxins
Not to mention the side effects of conventional solutions such as …
So How Do You Prevent Lyme Disease In Your Dog?
If there is one thing you should take away today it’s this …
The more toxic your dog is, the more likely he is to suffer an exaggerated response to Lyme disease.
Research shows it … 95% of dog bitten by a tick, are likely to have either no symptoms or mild flu-like symptoms.
For the 5% of dogs who get really sick, how can you blame the tick when the other 95% do fine?
The problem was already there before the tick came along … the bacteria in the tick was just the final small blow to an already weakened immune system.
While conventional veterinarians would have you “protect” your dog with sprays and vaccines … holistic vets know the secret is a healthy immune system.
They know that bacteria and parasites only prey on weak animals. And that a healthy immune system is what separates the 5% of dogs with Lyme disease from the healthy 95%.
Here are some tips to help bolster your dog’s immune system:
- Feed a fresh, whole food species-appropriate diet.
- Avoid any and all unnecessary vaccines (most of which are unnecessary).
- Avoid toxic heartworm, flea and tick medications whenever possible.
- Work with a holistic vet to replace any conventional drugs, vaccines and medications. Instead choose holistic, natural options that won’t harm the immune system.
It’s time to stop fearing Lyme disease and see it for what it is … a signal that there was already something wrong with your dog.
So, take that worry and refocus it on improving your dog’s immune health instead.
Do that and research shows you’ll likely never face the challenge of Lyme disease in your dog.
Not to mention, it’ll have a greater effect on his quality of life … not just the effects of Lyme.