I just got home from Florida. While there, I saw many cases of dog endangerment in moving vehicles. I thought an article about dog car safety would be in order.
I saw dogs riding in the back of pickup trucks. I saw them on top of the wall-to-wall toolbox, where they didn’t even have the side of the pickup truck bed to help contain them around curves. Lastly, I saw a toy-sized dog, riding completely out of the open passenger window with his front feet perched on the side view mirror.
Are these people completely stupid, or do they just not value their dogs’ lives? When many people want to take their dog for a ride, they just open the car door, let the dog jump in and they take off.
Others take steps to protect their dogs if there’s a sudden stop or accident. How do you know if what you’re doing is enough?
At Dog Scouts of America, we did some research on dog car safety. We looked at things like:
- How to know what products will best protect your dog
- What to do to help your dog if you get hurt and can’t speak to the emergency workers
- How to quickly get a search going if your dog escapes (or is thrown) through a broken window and runs off
Want to keep your dog safe when she’s in the car with you? Here’s what we found.
Dog Car Safety Tips
Keep Information In Your Car
Make a travel safety kit that contains your dog’s health records and some photos. Make sure you have a handful of “lost” posters that you can distribute in the area if your dog gets away.
You need to have instructions if you’re in a serious accident and there are pets left alone at home. We suggest that you put a brightly colored card with your driver’s license listing emergency contact names and numbers. Add the words: “I have pets at home or traveling with me. Please contact these people if I’m injured.” This will get the most knowledgeable help to your pets as quickly as possible if you’ll be out of commission for a while.
As morbid as it might sound, make arrangements for your pets in case you’re killed as well. The law views pets as property, so without written plans, their fate is unknown.
Have you considered what would happen to your dog if you were in an auto accident? There are tremendous forces generated when a vehicle crashes.
Safety products company IMMI conducted a crash test of their pet seatbelt restraining system. They tried it with a 35-pound canine crash test dummy in a vehicle traveling just 30mph.
When the vehicle crashed, the dog generated 1,135 pounds of force!
If the dog is heavier or the vehicle is going faster, there will be even more force put on the restraint system (or your dog’s body upon impact with something in the car). That could be the back of your head or a window.
Many states are enacting laws that require pets to be contained in either a pet seat belt or a crate. These laws apply even if you’re just traveling through the state. The laws are primarily to reduce driver distractions, but they’re a great start to helping pets travel more safely.
How can you tell? If there’s anything made of plastic that would need to hold the dog in an accident, it’s not safe. Plastic snaps will break. Make sure the only plastic buckles or snaps are ones to adjust the sizing of the harness, or for the ease of putting it on the dog. Anything holding the dog in the seat should not be plastic. Also look at the stitching, straps, snaps and other hardware. Do they look strong enough to remain intact if over 1,000 pounds of force is suddenly applied?
Unfortunately, not all pet seat belts are created equal. Only a few are accident rated. This means they’re tested to be able to withstand the forces mentioned above.
Some people forego the seat belt restraints and instead use a crate in the car to keep the dog contained. However, if you do use a crate, there are certain things to think about to ensure safety all around.
- Will it be able to withstand those types of forces?
- Will the crate itself go flying if there’s an impact?
Crates are good, but only if they’re secured to the vehicle so that they can’t break free in an accident.
Because rear-end collisions are so common, we don’t recommend putting the crates at the back of the vehicle. Dogs secured in crates have been crushed in rear-end collisions that did little damage to the rest of the vehicle.
Putting the crate against a solid part of the vehicle, like the back of a seat, is best. This allows the seat to add additional support to the side of the crate.
An accident can really scare a dog and that comes with its own risks. If your dog is terrified by an accident, she might back out of a harness. Once your dog is loose, she may have access to a broken or open window and could jump out, possibly into traffic.
If a dog can only exit a crate through one door and that door happens to be damaged in an accident, getting your dog out could be very difficult. Think about how hard it would be to get your dog out if there was a roll-over accident and your vehicle was upside down.
A “panic snap” like those used with 1000+ lb horses as a quick release will help you free a 100 lb dog without having to lift her. These are available for a few dollars at a farm store.
Odds are more likely that you’ll get into a collision that leaves the wheels on the road. But, if the worst happens and your pet is safely contained, she’ll be as protected as possible.
Thankfully there are several options available to help with this. It only takes a few dog car safety steps to help make your dogs as safe as possible when they travel with you, even if it’s just to the corner store.