The January 2012 issue of Dogs Naturally will take a look at the relationship between joint disease and vaccines – most notably the distemper vaccine. While researching this article, we discovered that scientists have been creating arthritis in rats and mice for years with adjuvants. Adjuvant arthritis was first described in 1956 by Pearson and it was introduced by injecting mycobacteria into the rats or mice. Other bacteria have been shown to have the same result – as have vaccine adjuvants.
Vaccine adjuvants and bacteria don’t just cause arthritis: they are responsible for a vast array of diseases. We did a little poking around and the result is some information you might want to know about adjuvants and other worrisome and pesky things found in vaccines. We won’t even get into retroviruses because that is a whole blog post in itself.
Adjuvants in Vaccines
Very few live virus vaccines are used today. The most significant reason is the potential for mutation into more virulent diseases. This has happened recently in Africa. In an attempt to save money, Nigerian children have been given live polio vaccines. The result is a new, highly contagious, and virulent form of polio.
Killed and recombinant viruses are subsequently used. They often don’t include whole viruses, but only proteins. As a result, these vaccinations are far less effective, often to the point of uselessness. In an attempt to increase the likelihood of the vaccination working, adjuvants are added. They can increase the body’s immunological response. They can also increase the response to other materials injected with the vaccine, including the adjuvants themselves.
Types of Adjuvants
A huge array of things can be, and are, used as adjuvants. These include:
- Oil emulsions,such as
- Freund’s (both complete and incomplete)—made from emulsified oil
- Arlacel A—a surfactant that is derived from lung tissue
- Mineral oil
- Emulsified peanut oil derivative, called adjuvant 65
- Mineral compounds, such as
- Aluminum phosphate
- Aluminum hydroxide (alum)
- Others have been used, but found less effective than alum.
- Bacteria and their components:
- Bordetella pertussis—the cause of whooping cough
- Corynebacterium granulosum—believed to stimulate the immune system to fight cancer.
- Lipopolysaccharide—known to induce fever when introduced to the body.
- Mycobacterium—tuberculosis bacterium
- Cholera toxin
- Immunostimulating complexes
- Squalene—used by the body in the manufacture of cholesterol. This is the likely cause of Gulf War syndrome, which has left soldiers (both deployed to Iraq and not deployed) with:
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (the disease suffered by Stephen Hawking)
- Aphthous ulcers (chancre sores)
- Body hair loss
- Diarrhea, chronic
- Dizziness (vertigo)
- Elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate
- Fevers, low grade
- Fatigue, chronic
- Headaches, chronic
- Lupus erythematosus
- Memory loss
- Multiple sclerosis
- Neuropsychiatric problems
- Reynaud’s syndrome
- Sjorgren’s syndrome
- Skin lesions that don’t heal
- Thyroid problems
- Night sweats
Bacteria in Vaccines
Viruses, bacteria or their components and toxins – as well as foreign animal or cancer-related proteins and DNA – are also finding their way into vaccines.
When vaccines are produced, the virus they contain must be reproduced in large quantities.
Viruses cannot survive or reproduce without being introduced into cells that nourish them, which enables the virus to reproduce. Living cell types commonly used to reproduce viruses in the lab include monkey kidney cells, chicken embryos, as well as other animal and human cells. These cells must also be nourished with food, and are most often fed with a nutrient mix containing in large part, bovine (cow) calf serum (usually, serum extracted from fetal calf blood). This product can carry many types of bovine blood-borne viruses, and is one of the primary sources of vaccine contamination.
Nanobacteria is a recently discovered pathogen, considered to be the smallest existing bacterial form known to science. It escapes through common filtering processes, and can easily invade other cells and cause cell death.
Nanobacteria also are classed as “pleomorphic”, that is, they have the ability the change physical form. A human variety of this pathogen has been found to cause or be associated with a host of disease conditions, only a few of which include atherosclerosis, coronary artery / heart disease, kidney stones and kidney disease, arthritis, MS, Alzheimers, some cancers, and other conditions.
Since this species of bacteria is specific to mammals, and must be lab-cultured in mammalian blood or serum, it’s not surprising that this variety of nanobacterium has been isolated as a contaminant from bovine calf serum, other mammaliam bio-products, and vaccines.
One study reports that 100% of serum of cattle in a US herd showed antigens to nanobacteria, and cites another report from Europe that, “more than 80% of commercial bovine serum lots contain Nanobacterium. This was indeed verified when a group of researchers found that 2 out of 3 lots of inactivated polio vaccine, and 3 out of 6 lots of veterinary vaccines were contaminated with nanobacteria (Nanobacteria detected in vaccines. NanoNews 2001 July;1).
Mycoplasmas are also found in vaccines.
One source states that “less than 10% of laboratories actually test for contamination regularly, and “that mycoplasmas are “influencing almost every aspect of cell biology” and that labs “which do not test for mycoplasma probably harbor contaminated cell lines and may even have their entire stocks contaminated, as mycoplasma spreads readily along cell lines via regents and media, the operator and the work surface” (Prasad E, Lim-Fong R. Mycoplasmas). They are resistant to certain types of antibiotics used to kill other bacteria and are subject to changing form under varying conditions.
The journal and industry literature is filled with references to the problems of mycoplasma contamination in cell cultures and vaccines. Various studies cite corrupted cell lines ranging in occurrence from 5% to 87% and once this pathogen is in the cell culture being used to make the vaccine, it is liable to end up in the final product.
In A survey of mycoplasma detection in veterinary vaccines, DH Thornton states: “Mycoplasma contaminants can be considered important not only because of their role as pathogens but also because they may indicate that insufficient care has been taken during vaccine manufacture or quality control.”
Mycoplasmas and associated variant forms have long been associated with many disease processes in humans, including cancer, chronic illnesses such as chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, arthritis, Gulf War Illness, and many others. Mycoplasmas have the capability of altering cell membranes and their antigens, disrupting DNA, and altering cellular metabolism.
Continuous Immortal Cell Lines
Many vaccines are now being cultured on “continuous” cell lines.
These are cell cultures consisting of “immortal” or cancerous types of cells because they have no limits on how many times they can divide. There is concern that viral contamination of these cell lines could spread cancer-promoting material into the recipient.
The virus (which in this case has a single strand of RNA for its genome) is capable of incorporating RNA from the cells in which it has been cultured into its own genome. If any contaminant RNA virus is present in a culture that contains immortal cancerous cells, the virus can easily mutate to include unwanted cancerous material which gets passed into the vaccine. The rabies vaccine is produced on immortal cell lines.
Of course, there are other vaccine dangers including retroviruses and the unpredictability of recombinant (genetically engineered) vaccines and their effect on DNA. Vaccines, viruses and vaccine contaminants can have unpredictable and dangerous consequences that are compounded each year as more vaccines are developed and more recombinant vaccines are produced.
In the meantime, cancer, arthritis and other chronic diseases continue to rise in both the human and canine population. There are many reasons for the increase, but this might be reason enough to question just how safe and effective vaccines are.